Fighting food insecurity: which agricultural models to adopt?

Fighting food insecurity: which agricultural models to adopt?

Fighting food insecurity: which agricultural models to adopt?

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The issue of food sovereignty returned to the center of concerns on the African continent in 2022. The effects of climate change, as well as geopolitical shocks, have highlighted the weaknesses of local farming systems, an issue discussed at the Dakar summit but also during a conference organized by the Farm organization in Paris.

We need to find appropriate forms of agricultural development that are specific to Africa “. This is emphasized by the Chadian Koliang Palebele, head of the Pan-African Farmers’ Organization. No more monoculture as a profitability model. ” Specialized models, we’ve seen the risks: they specialize in corn, for example, and with the slightest economic or climatic shock, it’s all goneexplains Sibiri Jean Zoundi, economist specializing in agricultural issues and deputy director of the Sahel and West Africa Club. We go back to the basics of diverse family farming. You don’t put your eggs in one basket. We produce food, there are small livestock, horticulture, allotment gardening and so on. »

Because the essentials are there, recalls Marc Debets, President of Apexagri, a consultancy specializing in this sector. ” There is consciousness today. Rent is not enough, there must be agricultural production that makes it possible to feed and support people and to see the added value of the farmers and breeders who do this.. »

All value chains today strive for multi-locality or relocation for agriculture. And it’s even more true today emphasizes Marc Debets again. This global hyperspecialization makes no sense in terms of the sociological organization of the world, in terms of dependencies, and the risks we are taking are insane. »

However, this is not a step backwards, emphasizes the scientific director of the Farm Foundation Matthieu Brun: I think that’s the new modern age. And that is perhaps the greatest difficulty. If we speak of the intensification of certain production methods, then this new modernity is the sustainable intensification of agriculture on an ecological, economic and social level. It’s not a throwback at all, as you can hear in some speakers. On the contrary, it’s a lot of complexity. It requires science, traditional knowledge and it requires organizing as these are systems that are complex to manage. »

The valorization of local varieties, the production of fertilizers on the continent and the organization of value chains are also highlighted by professionals in the sector to combat food insecurity.

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