IMF reaches preliminary agreement for emergency aid to South Sudan
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The International Monetary Fund announced on Tuesday (22 November) that it had reached a preliminary agreement with South Sudan on $112.7 million in emergency financing to help the country combat food insecurity. In return, the authorities will have to implement various reforms.
With our regional correspondent, Albane Thiroard
According to the UN, 71% of South Sudanese need humanitarian aid, that is, 8.9 million people. The humanitarian crisis affecting the country has several causes. First, community violence that persists in several regions of the country and which have already caused several hundred victims since the beginning of the year. and this despite the 2018 peace agreement which aimed to put an end to five years of a bloody civil war and which led, in 2020, to a division of power between the two rivals: President Salva Kiir and Vice President Riek Machar.
The country is also experiencing Major flooding for the fourth year in a row. According to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (Ocha), more than a million people have been affected by the rains, which are destroying homes, crops and taking livestock. This weakens the way of life of the communities and worsens an already worrisome food situation.
Because this situation adds the economic crisis that hits the country. Consequences of the conflicts, the floods, but also the effects of the Covid-19 pandemic and the war in Ukraine, the currency of South Sudan has lost its value and the prices of imported products have increased dramatically.
L'” inability to access land ” increase ” humanitarian aid unit »
The refugee crisis in South Sudan is therefore the largest in Africa, according to the UN: there are more than 2 million South Sudanese exiles in neighboring countries and as many displaced within the country. Faced with this crisis, UN visits are increasing in South Sudan. Earlier this month, Jean-Pierre Lacroix, UN assistant secretary general for peacekeeping operations, was there.
Raouf Mazou, UN Assistant High Commissioner for Refugees, also completed a visit to the country from November 14 to 18: he was able to meet with authorities and local populations and verified the devastating effects of violence and floods, especially in the north of the country. .
“We have never received so much money, but the number of crises we have around the world is increasing,” explains Raouf Mazou, UN Assistant High Commissioner for Refugees.
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